The research project aimed at developing an original methodology, which will determine the optimum energy mix for mountainous settlements through a mathematical model with appropriate objective functions.
The mathematical model (named AENAOS), which was developed by an object oriented programming language optimizes the objective function based on financial, environmental, technical and social criteria. It combines the particular energy identity of mountainous areas with a mix of conventional and renewable energy sources. The town of Metsovo and the surrounding areas were selected as a case study. This area is an ideal case study, since it is located at high altitude, has plentiful renewable energy potential and is characterized by increased energy demand (thermal and electrical). The results of the research project include:
- An original methodology for optimizing the energy mix, which takes into account the particularities of mountainous areas and their energy loads, all the available renewable energy sources, as well as the economic and social impacts of energy consumption. The methodology utilizes modern, scientific approaches, new technologies and primary surveys.
- A method for calculating energy loads of mountainous settlements. Special emphasis was attributed to the development of models for mountain residences, which make the calculation of energy demand easier and more accurate, based on statistical data and only a few primary findings.
- Findings related to the number of households which are exposed to the problem of energy poverty. This was achieved by the conduction of three primary surveys at different spatial scales: one among all Greek households, one among mountainous Municipalities and one in the Municipality of Metsovo. So, for the first time in Greece, the extent of energy poverty has been recorded, as well as its correlation to technical, economic and social parameters.
- A software for applying the mathematical, multiparametrical model of energy optimization.